9 Great Northern Motorbike Routes in Vietnam

Riding the Great North: 9 Motorbike Routes

First published May 2020 | Words and photos by Vietnam Coracle

This post was last updated 3 years ago. Please check the comments section for possible updates, or read more on my Updates & Accuracy page.


For many riders, northern Vietnam represents some of the best motorbiking opportunities anywhere in the world. The north offers the most majestic scenery on the grandest scale in Vietnam: the mountains are higher and the passes are loftier than anywhere else in the country. Riding can be slow (and sometimes treacherous due to landslides, floods, mud, and rough road conditions), but the scenery is sublime, the roads are extraordinarily ambitious, and the history and culture is fascinating. I receive emails from seasoned motorbikers, who’ve spent decades riding around the world, informing me that, with the possible exception of northern India, the north of Vietnam is the best riding they’ve ever experienced. On this page, I’ve pulled together all of my northern motorbike guides to create a collection of 9 Great Northern Routes. By linking these nine guides together and following them from either east to west or west to east across the north of the country, you should be able to create your own ‘Great North Route’.

9 Great Northern Motorbike Routes in Vietnam

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Below is a list and a colour-coded map of 9 northern motorbike routes. For each route, I’ve written bullet-points for quick-information and a brief description, including a direct link to the full guide, a title image, and an embedded interactive map of the route. For the purposes on this page, I’ve listed the 9 northern routes geographically from west to east, but you can choose to ride them in any order and in any direction you like. My colour-coded map features shaded areas indicating the regions covered by each of the 9 northern routes and direct links to each guide. Although these 9 northern routes cover thousands of kilometres, they represent just a fraction of the many great roads, tracks, routes, and regions that northern Vietnam has to offer the motorbike rider. The best time of year to ride the north is March-May and September-October. Remember you can send your bike on the train to/from several convenient start/end points around the north: Hanoi↔Lao Cai (for Sapa), Hanoi↔Lang Son (for the northeast), and Hanoi↔Hai Phong (for Cat Ba Island).

*Please note: All my routes stick to paved roads as much as possible & I make an effort to mark any rough, muddy, off-road, or difficult sections on my maps. However, Vietnam’s roads are in a constant state of flux: I can’t guarantee the condition of any given road. I encourage riders to write me with any road updates (vietnamcoracle@gmail.com) or leave a comment at the bottom of the relevant guide. Ride safely, ride responsibly & enjoy Vietnam’s Great North.

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9 Great Northern Motorbike Routes

Limestone Loop | Harvest Route | Extreme Northwest Loop | Sin Ho LoopY Ty Loop | Borders & Back-Roads Loop | Extreme North Loop | High Roads Routes | Northeast Loops

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Route, Region & Province: Hanoi→Mai Chau→Pu Luong→Lao border | Thanh Hoa Province [MAP]

Distance & Duration: 700-800km | 3-6 days

Road Conditions & Traffic: mostly good, paved roads & lanes, some rough sections, fairly light traffic

Scenery & Landscape: limestone karsts, bamboo forests, minority villages, rice fields

Full Guide: The Limestone Loop: Motorbike Guide

Description: Spreading southwest of Hanoi, the Limestone Loop is just a few hours’ ride from the capital, and yet it takes in some of the most picturesque scenery in the country. Much of this motorbike route travels through Thanh Hoa, a province punctuated by limestone pinnacles, rivers, and rice paddies. Quiet roads meander along steep valleys cloaked in bamboo forests, and mountain passes twist skyward towards isolated Lao border crossings. Thanh Hoa is overlooked by most travellers in favour of neighbouring Ninh Bình, which is now extremely touristy. Thanh Hoa, on the other hand, is only recently starting to attract attention, in particular the stunning setting of Pu Luong Nature Reserve. All of this excellent scenery is accessible thanks to upgraded roads, which make it possible to get from the urban chaos of Hanoi to the pastoral tranquility of Thanh Hoa Province within a few hours……continue reading

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The Limestone Motorbike Loop, northern Vietnam

ROUTE MAP: The Limestone Loop

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Route, Region & Province: Mu Cang Chai→Tu Le | Yen Bai Province [MAP]

Distance & Duration: 50km | 1 day

Road Conditions & Traffic: good, paved main roads & paved back-roads, usually light traffic

Scenery & Landscape: rice terraces, lush valleys, rivers, mountains, minority villages

Full Guide: The Harvest Route: Mù Cang Chải

Description: Every year, between September and October, the terraced rice fields of Mù Cang Chải, a rural district in Yên Bái Province, put on a show of picturesque harvest colours. In the crisp dawn light, hundreds of stepped rice paddies, carved into the contours of steep valleys, are illuminated by the autumn sun. The colours of the ripe rice are luminous. The curving terraces, although man-made, appear to be in complete harmony with the landscape, creating a hypnotic patterning across the hills and valleys. I call this spectacle the ‘Theatre of Rice’ and the best way to see the ‘show’ is to ride the ‘Harvest Route’: a scenic section of Highway QL32 between the small towns of Tú Lệ to Mù Cang Chải, via the lofty Khau Pha Pass. The Harvest Route is 50km of picture-book scenery, which, in the right weather conditions, will fill your camera’s memory card within minutes……continue reading

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Mu Cang Chai Harvest Route & the Theatre of Rice, Yen Bai, Vietnam

ROUTE MAP: Harvest Route: The Theatre of Rice

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Route, Region & Province: Lao Cai→Lai Chau→Muong Lay→Muong Te→Muong Nhe→Dien Bien Phu| Lao Cai, Lai Chau & Dien Bien provinces [MAP]

Distance & Duration: 300-800km | 2-7 days

Road Conditions & Traffic: mostly paved, remote roads, risk of landslides, very light traffic

Scenery & Landscape: remote borderlands, mountains, rivers, rice terraces, minority villages

Full Guide: The Extreme Northwest Loop: Motorbike Guide

Description: A sprawling, mountainous bulge around the Black River basin, the extreme northwest of Vietnam is probably the most remote region of the entire country, and certainly one of the least-travelled. The extreme northwest abuts both China and Laos, thus this route travels through extensive borderlands, which are often very sensitive. Indeed, this region is perilously close to the infamous Golden Triangle. As such, local police, government officials, and travel restrictions will almost certainly hinder your progress (read this guide before attempting the route). Old roads have recently been upgraded and new ones have been blown through the mountains, creating an extremely mountains, off-the-beaten-track, and circuitous route between Lao Cai and Dien Bien Phu. The roads lead further, higher, and deeper into the northwest mountains than ever before, threading between peaks pushing 10,000ft, which are the southeastern-most extent of the same geological collision that formed the Himalayas……continue reading

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The Extreme Northwest Route, northern Vietnam

ROUTE MAP: The Extreme Northwest Loop

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Route, Region & Province: Sapa→Lai Chau→Sin Ho→Phong Tho | Lai Chau Province [MAP]

Distance & Duration: 320km | 2-4 days

Road Conditions & Traffic: good mountain highways, paved back-roads, some rough patches

Scenery & Landscape: big mountains, plunging valleys, rivers, rice terraces, light traffic

Full Guide: Sapa→Sin Ho Scenic Motorbike Loop

Description: High up on the slopes of the Hoàng Liên Sơn Mountain Range (known in French colonial times as the Tonkinese Alps), Sin Ho is a small market town reached via spectacular mountain roads. While Sapa, the famous mountain retreat, is now enormously popular with Vietnamese and foreign tourists, Sin Ho, on the other hand, is rarely visited by travellers. These two highland towns are connected by lofty mountain passes, affording jaw-dropping views over a landscape on a scale not found anywhere else in Vietnam. Ride the Sin Ho Loop and you’ll be rewarded with some of the grandest alpine scenery in Southeast Asia……continue reading

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Sapa to Sin Ho Motorbike Loop, Vietnam

ROUTE MAP: The Sin Ho Loop

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Route, Region & Province: Sapa→Y Ty→Chinese border→Lao Cai | Lao Cai Province [MAP]

Distance & Duration: 195km | 1-2 days

Road Conditions & Traffic: mostly paved back-roads, some bad sections, generally very light traffic

Scenery & Landscape: rice terraces, remote borderlands, mountains, rivers, minority villages

Full Guide: Sapa→Y Ty Scenic Motorbike Loop

Description: North of Sapa, dramatic mountains continue all the way to the Chinese border. Several small roads penetrate deep into steep, terraced valleys and climb high above ferocious rivers, swollen with cold mountain water, to remote minority villages. Creating a scenic loop, starting and ending in Sapa via the hilltop hamlet of Y Ty, this relatively short but dramatic road trip is a great escape from the increasingly touristy mountain town of Sapa. Either bathed in a warm, sharp highland light shimmering over the ripe rice terraces like a halo, or covered in a cold, haunting, Dickensian fog so thick it induces feelings of claustrophobia, the Y Ty Loop is a rewarding (and occasionally challenging) way to spend a day or two in the saddle……continue reading

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Sapa to Y Ty Motorbike Loop, Vietnam

ROUTE MAP: The Y Ty Loop

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Route, Region & Province: Sapa→Lao Cai→Muong Khuong→Si Ma Cai→Bac Ha→Xin Man→Hoang Su Phi→ Ha Giang | Lao Cai & Ha Giang provinces [MAP]

Distance & Duration: 235-480km | 2-5 days

Road Conditions & Traffic: mostly decent paved back-roads, some rough sections, risk of landslides, light traffic

Scenery & Landscape: mountains, gorges, borderlands, terraced rice fields, minority villages

Full Guide: Borders & Back-Roads: Sapa to Ha Giang by Motorbike

Description: Connecting two of the most mountainous provinces in the country (Lao Cai and Ha Giang), this motorbike route straddles the Chinese border, carving a meandering course over mountain ranges and along river valleys. Linking the towns of Sapa and Ha Giang, this road trip is a slow crawl through some of the remotest parts of Vietnam, mostly on small roads that have only recently been blasted out of the mountainsides. Dramatic scenery, fascinating border towns, ethnic minority markets, and lush farmland abound. This is a route to be taken slowly – there’s hardly a kilometre without a hairpin bend – and with plenty of time to allow for unforeseen circumstances, such as bad weather and landslides, which regularly block the way……continue reading

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Sapa to Ha Giang Motorbike Route, Vietnam

ROUTE MAP: The Borders & Back-Roads Loop

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Route Region & Province: Ha Giang→Tam Son→Yen Minh→Du Gia→Dong Van→Meo Vac→Bao Lac | Ha Giang Province [MAP]

Distance & Duration: 350km | 2-5 days

Road Conditions & Traffic: very mountainous paved roads, some rough sections, fairly light traffic

Scenery & Landscape: limestone karsts, deep gorges, remote borderlands, minority villages, rivers

Full Guide: Ha Giang Extreme North Motorbike Loop

Description: Ha Giang is Vietnam’s northern-most province. The mysterious landscape along the Chinese border – a mythical combination of conical limestone peaks and deep, craterous valleys – is probably the most striking in the country. Once considered the last frontier for adventurous travel in Vietnam, Ha Giang gained an almost legendary status among independent travellers. In recent years, however, visitor numbers have surged and road conditions have improved, making access to this remote part of the country relatively easy. With mountain passes hanging onto cliff-faces high above roaring rivers, and back-roads threading through forests of limestone pinnacles, it’s ideal territory for a motorbike road trip……continue reading

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Ha Giang, the Extreme North Motorbike Loop, Vietnam

ROUTE MAP: Ha Giang: The Extreme North Loop

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Route, Region & Province: Ha Giang→Ba Be Lake→Cao Bang | Ha Giang, Bac Kan & Cao Bang provinces [MAP]

Distance & Duration: 310-370km | 1-3 days

Road Conditions & Traffic: paved back-roads & mountain highways, optional off-road sections, risk of landslides, light traffic

Scenery & Landscape: limestone karsts, mountains, deep valleys, jungle, terraced rice fields, remote borderlands, minority villages

Full Guide: The High Roads: Ha Giang→Ba Be Lake→Cao Bang

Description: The roads linking the three northern provinces of Ha Giang, Cao Bang and Bac Kan travel through some of the most spectacular and remote regions of Vietnam. The landscape around here is extraordinary: many travellers consider this their favourite corner of Southeast Asia. Connecting these three provinces, a handful of incredible mountain roads corkscrew their way through a complex terrain of steep valleys, limestone karsts, and raging rivers. There are several different route options for riding between Ha Giang, Ba Be Lake (in Bac Kan Province), and Cao Bang, all of which are stunning, but none of which are particularly straightforward, due to road conditions, mountainous topography, and the likelihood of landslides……continue reading

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Ha Giang, Ba Be Lake, Cao Bang by motorbike, Vietnam

ROUTE MAP: The 3 High Roads Routes

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Route, Region & Province: Cao Bang→Pac Bo Cave→Ban Gioc Falls→Lang Son→Mau Son Mountain→Bac Son→Bac Kan→Ba Be Lake | Cao Bang, Lang Son & Bac Kan provinces [MAP]

Distance & Duration: 165-455km | 1-6 days

Road Conditions & Traffic: good, paved back-roads & highways, some rough sections, off-road options, generally light traffic

Scenery & Landscape: limestone karsts, minority villages, majestic waterfalls, caves, remote borders, mountains, lakes, rivers

Full Guide: The Northeast by Motorbike: 5 Routes & Loops

Description: In my opinion, the three northeastern provinces of Cao Bang, Lang Son and Bac Kan currently offer the best on-road motorbiking opportunities anywhere in Vietnam. Why? Because all three northeastern provinces are utterly beautiful – characterized by limestone karsts, unbroken forests, misty mountains, blue rivers, farms, and craft villages – and are crisscrossed by a growing network of increasingly good-quality paved back-roads and national highways; tourists are few, traffic is generally very light, people are friendly, food is rustic and hearty, opportunities for getting off the beaten path are many, and there’s a real sense of adventure. I’ve written and mapped 5 loops in the northeastern region. Each loop can be ridden separately or stitched together to form one large northeastern loop……continue reading

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The Northeast Motorbike Loops, Vietnam

ROUTE MAP: The 5 Northeast Loops

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Disclosure: I never receive payment for anything I write: my content is always free & independent. I’ve written this guide because I want to: I like these northern routes & I want my readers to know about them. For more details, see my Disclosure & Disclaimer statements here

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Leave a Comment

Questions, updates and trip reports are all welcome. However, please keep comments polite and on-topic. See commenting etiquette for details.

  1. John says:
    August 15, 2023 at 7:04 AM

    Hi Tom,

    These guides are epic! I’m returning to Vietnam to complete my motorbike journey that was cut short due to covid from Jan -March of 2020, I got from Saigon to Hanoi before having to leave. Unfortunately, I have much less time for this trip so, my focus will be entirely on the north. Based on your description, Ha Giang, the High-Roads, and the North-East Loops are the way to go. I’ll have 2-2.5 weeks from mid-october this year.

    I was planning to keep the route fairly loose and see how I go each day and stitch together the routes you have highlighted. I was just wondering if you have any general suggestions, or advice regarding this trip? And specifically, do you have a recommended route out of Hanoi (or is it better to find bus/train out of hanoi and begin in Ha Giang, or some variation)?

    Very much appreciated!
    – John

    1. Tom says:
      August 17, 2023 at 8:00 AM

      Hi John,

      Yes, in general that sounds like a good idea and potential route.

      I would certainly suggest taking the bus to your start point and picking up your bike there rather than riding out from Hanoi, especially considering that 2-2.5 weeks isn’t that much time to ride the roads you’re considering: better to spend all your time riding the mountains than riding through the traffic and highways of Hanoi.

      That entire region is great for riding and scenery. Remember that road conditions change all the time and that if you’re going there between November-February temperatures can be surprisingly cold.

      The more flexible you can be with your route and your time, the better.



  2. Dennis Snider says:
    September 4, 2022 at 3:24 PM

    Hi ,
    just wanted to say I’m so happy I stumbled across your site.

    I’m going to Hanoi in Feb 2023 and would like to know in your opinion what the best 3 day ride for mountain valleys and steeped rice padys is. Also if you know of a reputable motorcycle rental company in Hanoi.

    Dennis Snider

    1. Tom says:
      September 5, 2022 at 4:47 AM

      Hi Dennis,

      For bike rental, please take a look at this page.

      Bear in mind that February is still technically ‘winter’ in the northern provinces of Vietnam, so it’s quite likely that the terraced rice fields will be fallow. For more, take a look at my Weather Guide.

      Mu Cang Chai and the Sin Ho Loop are both quite short and very pretty rides with lots of rice fields.



  3. Pat says:
    August 2, 2022 at 10:01 PM

    Tom, I just want to say this site is incredible. Its been the inspiration ALL YEAR for a motorbike trip to Vietnam and after holding out and hoping they’re would be longer visas issued, i’ve taken the 30days available and am now ready to tackle the North in September (1st-30th). Your site is a constant reference and in particular this guide.

    Following on from ‘Ben K’s comment, my plan all along is to actually do a Big Northern Loop. Landing in Hanoi and going south and then clockwise/west it looks something like (major stops only) Hanoi-Ninh Binh-Mai Chau-Dien Bien Phu-Sapa- Ha Giang- Cao Bang-Bac Son- Ha Long Bay/Cat Ba. Im pretty set on each day’s riding having around 19-20 stops which allows a week or so (allowing for extra stops along the way) to unwind on the CoTo islands/Cat Ba/ Ha Long Bay.

    My only empty route is from Bac Son to Haiphong. I know you’ve mentioned how uninspiring the road back to Hanoi from Haiphong is so i will probably get the train, but getting to Haiphong itself on two wheels i haven’t seen great deal covered. Is there a particular road you would rather choose or a favourite town that way to make a stop over at? Any feedback on the Loop in mind would be much appreciated.


    1. Tom says:
      August 4, 2022 at 1:24 PM

      Hi Pat,

      Thanks for your message.

      From Bac Son to Hai Phong (Cat Ba Island) you can combine roads QL1B due south for a bit until it joins up with road QL279 all the way to Ha Long City, from where you can put your bike on an amazing public ferry directly across to Cat Ba Island (read about that here). This should be a good route.

      However, I only get up to that particular region once a year at most, so I’m no authority.

      Other than that, your route is ambitious but good. The more time you have, the better. After the first few days you’ll have a better idea of how things are going to go. The biggest mistake most people (including myself) make is trying to do too much in too short a time. You need to expect that not everything will go according to plan: sometimes things are out of your control, such as weather or road works.

      I hope this helps,


  4. Ben K says:
    July 26, 2022 at 4:49 PM

    Hey Tom, I’ve only just stumbled across your blog whilst trying to piece together the bare bones of a trip for next March, but it has been incredibly useful so far! All of these loops look amazing, and from what I can gather so much of what the country has to offer is in the North, though from what I can see there isn’t an “All in one” North Vietnam route. We have about 3 weeks, any suggestions?

    1. Tom says:
      July 27, 2022 at 4:34 AM

      Hi Ben,

      It’s a difficult decision, but on balance with three weeks you’d have a great time stitching together the Ha Giang Loop and the Northeast Loops via the High-Roads between the two.

      Please bear in mind that road conditions are in a constant state of flux in the northern mountains – check the comments section at the bottom of my guides for any recent reader updates and ask other travellers as you go.

      I hope this helps,


  5. Paul F says:
    February 6, 2022 at 9:23 AM

    Hi, this looks good. Do you have a GPX for this route?

    1. Tom says:
      February 6, 2022 at 10:57 AM

      Hi Paul,

      There are 9 different routes on this page – if you click the link to each route, you will find a google map of that specific route. You can export each map and download the KML, then you should be able to open the map on your phone. However, it depends on your device, so you might need to google the method for your specific phone.